New research shows that the pain signal may be simply an "electrical leak" from an ion channel. As previously written there is a connection between the opening and closing of ion channels and electrical polarity charges. The new finding by a team of scientists at KU Leuven indicates the actual pain message is electrical and is short circuited due to chemical changes in the ion channels. The ongoing research is showing the chemical and physical relationship of pain and electrical polarities.
Often the breakdown of a joint's cartilage can lead to osteoarthritis, which is the most common form of arthritis. The breakdown of the cartilage leads to bone on bone and deterioration of the bones. The protective cartilage is suppose to
prevent the damage and act as a shock absorber between the bones. As the cartilage deteriorates that may lead to additional stretching of other tendons and ligaments in the supporting structures. The additonal stress now placed on the
ligaments and tendons can also contribute to the pain the patient feels. If left untreated there eventually will be chronic pain and gradual loss of motion inhibiting the patient's ability to do things and care for him or herself. Osteoarthritis generally
occurs in mid age and older people, more prevalent in women than men, and rare in younger people. Osteoarthritis basically affects most mobile joint areas, as distinguished from non mobile such as cranial bones.
A progressor of osteoarthritis is being overweight. The actual causation though is not the weight, but the lack of supporting musculature to support the additional weight. If the muscles do not support the weight then the joints bear the burden
of supporting it and the cartilage is exposed to more impact and compaction. Tendons and ligaments stretch due to the prolonged weight. Over time, this is why middle age/older disease the cumulative effects occur and, the diagnosis becomes
There is one simple way to prevent the occurence, or correct the anatomical problems associated with osteoarthritis. The longer, more time involved process is simple exercising such as what is listed below from Todd P. Stitik, MD, professor
of physical medicine and rehabilitation at UMDNJ-New Jersey Medical School. This type exercise specific to knee osteoarthritis illustrates the exercise logic and methodology.
The single best curative and prevention is to do as recommened in traditional exercise however supplement the exercises with about 7 - 10 reps using functional electrical stimulation. This is simply using a device such as the Infrex
Where the condition, such as osteoarthritis, has occurred over time, the period of regaining strength; increasing overall muscle strength, will stop the progression of the disease and can reverse the symptomatic issue of pain. The addition of high frequency Infrex electrical stimulation will quickly reverse causation and restore full range of motion, without pain.
Video below explains the functional restoration process:
Exercises for Knee Osteoarthritis:
If the muscles that run along the front of the thigh are weak, research shows you have an increased risk of painful knee osteoarthritis. Fortunately, even relatively minor increases in the strength of these muscles, the
quadriceps, can reduce the risk.
To strengthen quadriceps Dr Stitik recommends isometric moves and wall slides. To do these, stand with your back to a wall, with feet shoulder-width apart. Then lean back against the wall, placing your feet out in front of you as far as you
comfortably can. Bend at the knees, put your hands on your waist, and slide with your spine, maintaining contact with the wall until you reach a sitting position. (Your knees should not bend more than 90 degrees). Then slowly slide back to your
original position. Repeat 8 - 10x.
If fear of joint pain after exercise keeps you from exercising, try using heat and cold on painful joints or take pain relievers, which may make it easier to exercise and stay active. The safest exercises are those that place
the least body weight on the joints, such as bicycling, swimming, and other water exercise. Light weight lifting is another option, but if you already have osteoarthritis, first speak with your doctor.
Some of the above information courtesy of: http://arthritis.webmd.com/staying-active-arthritis-10/pain-relief